Find your Cardiology treatment abroad with Medikadvisor
What procedures fall under cardiology?
The heart is the main subject of cardiology. It has many anatomical features like atria, ventricles, and heart valves. Problems with the heart often develop into heart disease and cardiovascular disease. If these are not treated adequately, it can cause death. Indeed, cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of unnatural death.
The main function of the heart is to send blood throughout the body. It starts with the systemic circulation – then through the lungs. This is called pulmonary circulation. From there, the blood is returned to the rest of the body. This is how the heart is connected to the whole body. In short, the heart represents a circuit in the circulation. A lot is known about good heart health. Extensive research has been done to explore the health issues associated with cardiology. Whether it is the restoration of the heart itself or its functions. After all, the heart is a muscle, which acts like a pump. Just like a mechanical pump, it can be prone to failures or malfunctions.
What else is there to know about how the heart works?
When the heart “squeezes” blood outward, this is called periodic contraction. Placing a pacemaker can help balance the heartbeat. This aspect of cardiology is called the electrical conduction system of the heart. It is a sub-category of electrophysiology, cardiac electrophysiology. It is also associated with the use of the electrocardiogram, better known by the abbreviation ECG. The other aspect of the heart, the mechanical part, is based on the movement of blood and allows the heart to function effectively as a pump. The mechanical part is particularly important because it is the area most prone to troubles. It can also be the cause of complications in the blood circulation. When the blood circulation system is disrupted and blood cannot reach certain parts of the body, it can cause the failure of certain organs, and therefore death. This case is commonly known as heart failure.